In vitro fertilization has come as a great gift to many people, many couples who desperately wanted a child but, for various reasons, couldn’t conceive. However, this pregnancy method soon became controversial as religious and ethical questions were raised. As most of you know, in vitro fertilization happens when a female egg is fertilized with male sperm and a few days later, when it has developed into a four-or-more-cell embryo, it is inserted in the female’s uterus where, in successful cases, it attaches itself to the womb’s lining and starts developing in a human being.
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In what concerns IVF – religion and ethic have quite different opinions and respectively different complaints. We already know that in most cases, religion has a harsh view over the reproductive functions of its people. The Catholic Church, as well as other churches, prohibits the use of any contraceptive measures, yet they also prohibit abortion. In the battle of IVF – religion and ethic, religious factions state that artificial insemination is an act against God, or rather trying to imitate God. Some prelates even raise questions about the state of the tube babies’ souls, and what their conditions are, seeing how they were brought here without God’s blessing. Indeed, the Catholic Church is perhaps most vehement in this battle, as they also disagree with embryo freezing, stem cell research, surrogate motherhood and any type of assisted reproduction.
When it comes to analyzing IVF – religion and ethic, the latter is sometimes strangely connected with the dissatisfaction of religion. Ethics specialists are also wondering whether it is normal and acceptable that science interferes with natural reproduction. And even though the Catholic Church vehemently supports that, certain Jewish writers counteract by maintaining that it is our duty and moral obligation as a species to support and do whatever we can to preserve our reproductive traits.
As for Protestants, their view on IVF – religion and ethic is that neither the future parents nor the unborn baby should be subjected to the treatments that in vitro fertilization requires, because it is an unnecessary exposure to unknown side effects. The medical world responded by stating that the risks involved in IVF are basically the same as those involved in normal, natural pregnancy. There are still many questions raised and very few answers, and it is probable that these religious or ethical factions will never come to an agreement. What’s more important though, is thinking of those people wishing to have a child and to constantly seek progress in what concerns human health.