In most cases, in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures are considered standard and occur without problems. However, there are instances where complications may arise, stemming from a number of reasons, or when implantation failure occurs. If you are thinking of trying this method of getting pregnant, then you should know that an IVF complication occurs very rarely, but for more information and help you should always consult a specialist, who will indicate whether this method is suitable for you or not. In what follows we’ll take a look at an IVF complication or two and see what can cause them.
Most specialists agree that an IVF complication can be divided into four categories, or have four main reasons of occurrence and these are: hyperstimulation, multiple pregnancies, complications from retrieval and emotional stress. Generally, egg retrieval is a standard, easy procedure, in which the doctor introduces a needle attached to an internal ultrasound probe in the uterus through the vagina. The ultrasound lets him know when he’s found the egg follicles and, one by one, he extracts the number of eggs desired. This is a painless procedure in which the patient is usually totally anesthetized, though some women experience menstrual-like cramping for a while after.
However, with some people, due to their particular anatomy, extracting the eggs may be difficult because the probes cannot reach the ovaries. In some cases, internal damage can occur, like minor complications that may manifest through a small bleeding caused by the accidental puncture of a blood vessel. The patient will probably suffer mild, though persistent pelvic pains, which can be successfully weaned in a few days with the help of standard pain medication. Ovarian hyperstimulation is another IVF complication that sometimes occurs, usually due to the administration of the standard fertility treatments the woman has to take. This hyperstimulation can result in fluid retention which is not painful, only discomforting and which usually disappears after a few days. This IVF complication occurs in about 20% of cases and no treatment is required for it. However, there are cases of severe hyperstimulation, which only occurs in 1% of patients and which sometimes requires hospitalization for a few days.
Nevertheless, with a continuous monitoring of the cycles and regular visits at the doctor’s, hyperstimulation can be prevented or avoided, even with young people, whom are more often affected by it. All in all, in vitro fertilization doesn’t pose too many problems, and with the help of dedicated doctors and a good fertility clinic you can be spared of any troubles.